Treated raw water is needed in industrial plants for a diversity of purposes. Around 90% of extracted water is used industrially or for energy generation and distribution.
Service water is necessary for preparatory processing phases or industrial purposes. Typical applications include, e.g. the supply of coolant water to thermal power stations and petrochemical plants, water for fire extinguishing systems and the cleaning of machinery. Service water of appropriate quality is taken from the corresponding point in the water treatment plant.
During treatment flocculation, sedimentation, filtration, full and partial desalination by softening, reverse osmosis, ion exchange and thermal desalination processes can be used in combination.
Industrial operations need various water qualities for different applications, e.g. process water for direct use in production, boiler feed water and treated condensate for boiler plants and service water either as a supplement in cooling towers, or for general purposes